Air Purification, Carbon Sequestration and GHG Reduction
India has 14 of the 20 most polluted cities in the world. Air quality is highly correlated with numerous health issues, child development and loss of up to 8.5% of GDP per World Bank figures published in 2016.
Water Conservation and Purification
Over 600 million people lack adequate access to water in India and demand is expected to outpace supply by equating to a ~6% GDP loss. Water shortage is exacerbated by 70% of water being too polluted for basic use and India ranking 120 of 122 on the water contamination index. 70% of water usage is for agriculture. Water is a sector that requires urgent action!
Energy and Renewables
India is one of the largest and fastest growing producers of renewable energy, however it remains the third largest consumer of fossil fuels. Supply/demand mismatch, variable production of renewables, significant demand growth, peak loads and theft have left the sector in financial distress and citizens and industry with unreliable power supply. Digitization, decentralization and storage all present opportunities.
Land Use including Reforestation, Agriculture and Desertification
India accounts for 18% of the global population, 15% of livestock and only 2.4% of global land. Of this, nearly 30% has been degraded through deforestation, over-cultivation, soil erosion and depletion of wetlands resulting in a 2.5% annual GDP reduction. It also threatens food security, reduces livelihoods of the poorest and exacerbates climate change.
Waste and the Circular Economy
With an annual growth rate of 4%, urban India generates 62 million tonnes of waste (mixed waste
Energy Efficiency and Green Building
Energy demand is expected to double by 2030, space cooling demand is expected to quadruple by 2040 and ⅔ of the buildings that will exist in India in 2030 are not yet built. Energy efficiency and green building are the cheapest and fastest ways to reduce energy consumption.